About

The Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA) is a repository of detailed election results at the constituency level for lower chamber and upper chamber legislative elections from around the world. Our motivation is to preserve and consolidate these valuable data in one comprehensive and reliable resource that is ready for analysis and publicly available at no cost. This public good is expected to be of use to a range of audiences for research, education, and policy-making.

Leadership

Ken Kollman

Ken Kollman

Director (2015-) and Research Professor

at the Center for Political Studies, University of Michigan.

He is also the Frederick G. L. Huetwell Professor and Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan. His research interests include political parties, elections, lobbying, federal systems, and formal modeling.

Allen Hicken

Allen Hicken

Research Associate Professor

at the Center for Political Studies and Director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan.

He is also an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Michigan. His research interests include comparative political parties and party systems, political economy and political development.

Daniele Caramani

Daniele Caramani

Professor of Comparative Politics

at the University of Zurich.

His research interests include comparative politics with a focus on the nationalization and Europeanization of electoral politics, political parties and electoral systems, state formation, nation-building and regionalism in a broad cross-national and historical perspective.

David Backer

David Backer

Research Associate Professor and Assistant Director

of the Center for International Development and Conflict Management at the University of Maryland.

He has specific expertise in African politics, political violence, authoritarian regimes, political development, and survey methodology.

David Lublin

David Lublin

Professor of Government

at the School of Public Affairs, American University. He is an expert on American campaigns and elections, as well as electoral systems, redistricting, and minority representation in the US and other countries.

Julia Lippman

Julia Lippman

Project Manager

Senior Research Area Specialist at the Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, at the University of Michigan.

Scientific Advisory Board

Daniel Bochsler

Daniel Bochsler

Assistant Professor of Comparative Politics (Democratisation)

in the Department of Political Science at the University of Zurich. His main research interests include elections, political parties and ethnic politics, with a special focus on young democracies.

John Gerring

John Gerring

Professor of Government

at University of Texas at Austin, where he teaches and conducts research on methodology and comparative politics. He is co-editor of Strategies for Social Inquiry, a book series at Cambridge University Press, and serves as co-PI of Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) and the Global Leadership Project (GLP).

Scott Morgenstern

Scott Morgenstern

Associate Professor

of Political Science of the Center for Latin American Studies and the University of Pittsburgh. His research interests include comparative legislatures, political parties, and electoral systems.

Thomas Mustillo

Thomas Mustillo

Associate Professor

of Global Affairs at the University of Notre Dame. His research concerns political representation, parties and party systems, and democracy. He is particularly interested in understanding highly unstable electoral arenas.

Joel Selway

Joel Selway

Associate Professor

of Political Science at Brigham Young University. His research addresses the design of democratic political institutions for ethnically-divided societies. He has analyzed topics as diverse as civil wars, riots, economic growth and public goods provision.

Matthew Shugart

Matthew Shugart

Professor

of Political Science at the University of California Davis, and Affiliated Professor at the University of Haifa. His research interests include electoral systems, political parties, logical modeling, and the electoral and legislative politics of adaptation to climate change.

Heather Stoll

Heather Stoll

Associate Professor

of Political Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her research interests include democratic representation, political parties and party systems, and electoral systems and other political institutions in the advanced industrial democracies.

Student Research Assistants

This project would not be possible without the assistance of graduate and undergraduate students from the University of Michigan and University of St. Gallen. To learn about their experiences working on the CLEA project, please visit the undergraduate student biographies page.

Funding

We are grateful to the following organizations for supporting the activities of CLEA:

 
 
 

We would also like to thank the many contributors who have provided election results, party information, and their time and expertise.