Data Discrepancies in CLEA Lower Chamber Data

Discrepancies in official sources.

Bangladesh 1991
The sum of Party Votes (PV1) does not equal to Valid Votes (VV1) for the following constituencies: Dinajpur-4, Naogaon-3, Jhenaidah-1, Manikganj-3, Manikganj-4.

Croatia 2000
The sum of Valid Votes (VV1) and Invalid Votes (IVV1) does not equal Votes Cast(VOT1) in the five special constituencies for minorities.

Italy 2018
In the upper-tier national PR constituency, the sum of Valid Votes (VV1) and Invalid Votes (IVV1) does not equal Votes Cast (VOT1). The sum of Valid Votes and Invalid Votes is 680 greater than Total Votes. This is because the Ministry of the Interior website gives two different counts for party votes – one, which is the summation of votes cast for candidates, which counts as a vote for each candidate’s respective party; and the other, which are votes both for candidates and also directly for parties. We chose to include the latter, as votes for both candidates and parties count for seat distribution in the upper-tier national PR constituency. However, the total votes and invalid votes listed on the commission’s website only fit algebraically with the former count, leading to this disparity. We were unable to conclude if the difference was a result of more votes cast, or fewer votes deemed invalid.

Kenya 2007
Votes Cast (VOT1) do not equal to the sum of Valid Votes (VV1) and Invalid Votes (IVV1) for the following constituencies: District 29 (VOI), District 66 (MASINGA), District 78 (KIPIPIRI), District 84 (OTHAYA), District 96 (KANDARA), District 97 (GATANGA), District 141 (KILGORIS), District 199 (GWASSI).
The sum of Party Votes (PV1) does not equal to Valid Votes (VV1) for 41 constituencies.

Malawi 2004
The number of Votes Cast (VOT1) is higher than the Number of Eligible Voters (PEV1) in the “lilongwe city central” and “mzimba east” constituencies.

Malawi 2014
The number of Votes Cast (VOT1) is higher than the Number of Eligible Voters (PEV1) in the “Kasungu Central” constituency.

Moldova 1998
The sum of Party Votes (PV1) does not equal Valid Votes (VV1).

Nigeria 2003
These data include numeric codes in place of constituency names. These codes appeared in our source data, and so far we have been unable to fully interpret them. We are aware this is an issue, and we are currently looking for better sources of data.

Pakistan 1988
The “Quadiani and Lahori” minority district has a magnitude of 1, but the seat remained unfilled since no candidates contested the election.
The sum of Party Votes (PV1) does not equal to Valid Votes (VV1) for the Hindu minority district

Pakistan 2013
The Number of Eligible Voters (PEV1) is less than the number of Votes Cast (VOT1) for the NA-68 SARGODHA-V consittency.
The sum of Party Votes (PV1) does not equal to Valid Votes (VV1) for the following constituencies: NA-115 Narowal-1, NA-118 Lahore-1, NA-127 Lahore-10, NA-129 Lahore-12, NA-143 Okara-1, NA-155 Lodhran-2, NA-157 Khanewal-2, NA-19 Haripur, NA-190 Bahawalnagar-3, NA-22 Battagram, NA-23 Kohistan, NA-240 Karachi-2, NA-250 Karachi-12, NA-253 Karachi-15, NA-259 Quetta, NA-260 Quetta-cum-Chagai-cum-Nushki-cum-Mastung, NA-261 Pishin-cum-Ziarat, NA-39 Tribal Area-4, NA-48 Islamabad-1, NA-49 Islamabad-2, NA-79 Faisalabad-5, NA-82 Faisalabad-8, NA-85 Faisalabad-11, NA-89 Jhang-1, NA-90 Jhang-2, NA-91 Jhang-3, NA-92 Toba Tek Singh-1, NA-93 Toba Tek Singh-2, NA-99 Gujranwala-5.

Solomon Islands, 1967-2006
The Parliamentary Gazette did not report party affiliations. Party affiliations were compiled by Jon Fraenkel from newspaper articles and provided to CLEA by Terrence Wood. As a result party affiliations for some candidates cannot be ascertained.

Togo 2013
The sum of Valid Votes (VV1) and Invalid Votes (IVV1) do not equal Total Votes (VOT1) for the following constituencies:
Amou, Assoli, Bassar, Binah, Grand Lomé, Haho, Kloto Kpele, Kozah, Kpendjal, Ogou & Anie, Oti, Tandjoare, Tchamba, Yoto, Zio.

Zambia 2011
The number of Votes Cast (VOT1) is higher than the Number of Eligible Voters (PEV1) in the “CHILILABOMBWEl” constituency.