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Lower Chamber Countries and Elections

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Lower Chamber Countries and Elections table
Countries Number of Elections Years
Afghanistan 2 2005, 2010
Albania 5 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2017
Andorra 7 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2011, 2015, 2019
Angola 4 1992, 2008, 2012, 2017
Anguilla 8 1989, 1994, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2020
Antigua and Barbuda 15 1951, 1956, 1960, 1965, 1971, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2018
Argentina 17 1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015
Armenia 4 2007, 2012, 2017
Aruba 5 2005, 2009, 2013, 2017, 2021
Australia 45 1901, 1903, 1906, 1910, 1913, 1914, 1917, 1919, 1922, 1925, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1934, 1937, 1940, 1943, 1946, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1961, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016
Austria 26 1919, 1920, 1923, 1927, 1930, 1945, 1949, 1953, 1956, 1959, 1962, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1975, 1979, 1983, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2013
Azerbaijan 2 2010, 2015
Bahamas 6 1997, 2002, 2007, 2012, 2017, 2021
Bahrain 5 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018
Bangladesh 5 1973, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2008
Barbados 15 1951, 1956, 1961, 1966, 1971, 1976, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2003, 2008, 2013, 2018
Belarus 4 2004, 2008, 2016, 2019
Belgium 67 1847, 1848, 1850, 1852, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1859, 1861, 1863, 1864, 1866, 1868, 1870 (2), 1872, 1874, 1876, 1878, 1880, 1882, 1884, 1886, 1888, 1890, 1892, 1894, 1896, 1898, 1900, 1902, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1910, 1912, 1914, 1919, 1921, 1925, 1929, 1932, 1936, 1939, 1946, 1949, 1950, 1954, 1958, 1961, 1965, 1968, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2014, 2019
Belize 16 1954, 1957, 1961, 1965, 1969, 1974, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2012, 2015, 2020
Benin 5 1991, 1995, 1999, 2011, 2015
Bermuda 13 1963, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2017
Bhutan 3 2008, 2013, 2018
Bolivia 10 1979, 1980, 1985, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2002, 2005, 2009, 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 1996, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018
Botswana 12 1965, 1969, 1974, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019
Brazil 20 1945, 1947, 1950, 1954, 1958, 1962, 1966, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018
British Virgin Islands 5 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2019
Bulgaria 9 1991, 1994, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2017
Burkina Faso 4 2007, 2012, 2015, 2020
Burundi 1 2020
Cambodia 3 2003, 2008, 2013
Cameroon 4 1992, 1997, 2002, 2007
Canada 43 1867, 1872, 1874, 1878, 1882, 1887, 1891, 1896, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1911, 1917, 1921, 1925, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1949, 1953, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1968, 1972, 1974, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2015, 2019
Cape Verde 5 1995, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016
Cayman Islands 5 2005, 2009, 2013, 2000, 2017
Chile 9 1945, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2017
Colombia 5 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014
Comoros 3 2009, 2015, 2020
Costa Rica 17 1953, 1958, 1962, 1966, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018
Croatia 9 1990, 1992, 1995, 2000, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2016
Curacao 8 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2012, 2016, 2017
Cyprus 8 1981, 1985, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016
Czech Republic 9 1990, 1992, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2011, 2013, 2017
Denmark 71 1849, 1852, 1853 (2), 1854, 1855, 1858, 1861, 1864 (2), 1865, 1866, 1869, 1872, 1873, 1876, 1879, 1881 (2), 1884, 1887, 1890, 1892, 1895, 1898, 1901, 1903, 1906, 1909, 1910, 1913, 1915, 1918, 1920 (3), 1924, 1926, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1939, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1950, 1953 (2), 1957, 1960, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2015, 2019
Djibouti 4 1997, 2003, 2013, 2018
Dominica 6 1995, 2000, 2005, 2009, 2014, 2019
Dominican Republic 13 1962, 1966, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2016
Ecuador 10 1979, 1984, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1996, 1998, 2006, 2009, 2013
El Salvador 8 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012, 2015
Equatorial Guinea 1 1993
Estonia 8 1992, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2019
Eswatini 1 2017
Ethiopia 1 2010
Faroe Islands 35 1906, 1908, 1910, 1912, 1914, 1916, 1918, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1940, 1943, 1945, 1946,1950, 1954, 1958, 1962, 1966, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2011, 2015
Fiji 1 2014
Finland 38 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1922, 1924, 1927, 1929, 1930, 1933, 1936, 1939, 1945, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1958, 1962, 1966, 1970, 1972, 1975, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2019
France 11 1973, 1978, 1981, 1986, 1988, 1993, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2012, 2017
Gabon 1 2018
Gambia 4 1997, 2007, 2012, 2017
Georgia 2 2012, 2016
Germany 41 1871, 1874, 1877, 1878, 1881, 1884, 1887, 1890, 1893, 1898, 1903, 1907, 1912, 1919, 1920, 1924 (2), 1928, 1930, 1932 (2), 1933, 1949, 1953, 1957, 1961, 1965, 1969, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1983, 1987, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2017
Ghana 7 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016
Gibraltar 5 1996, 2000, 2003, 2007, 2011
Greece 30 1926, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1946, 1951, 1952, 1956, 1958, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1974, 1977, 1981, 1985, 1989 (2), 1990, 1993, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2012 (2), 2015 (2), 2019
Greenland 6 2002, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2018
Grenada 16 1951, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1976, 1984, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2008, 2013, 2018
Guatemala 9 1984, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2019
Guinea 1 2013
Guinea-Bissau 6 1994, 1999, 2004, 2008, 2014, 2019
Guyana 9 1953, 1957, 1961, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2015, 2020
Honduras 10 1980, 1981, 1985, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2017
Hungary 8 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018
Iceland 48 1874, 1880, 1886, 1892, 1894, 1900, 1902, 1903, 1908, 1911, 1914, 1916 (2), 1919, 1922, 1923, 1926, 1927, 1930, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1937, 1942 (2), 1946, 1949, 1953, 1956, 1959 (2), 1963, 1967, 1971, 1974, 1978, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2016, 2017
India 18 1951, 1962, 1967, 1971, 1977, 1980, 1984, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019
Indonesia 4 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014
Iran 1 2012
Iraq 1 2010
Ireland 30 1922, 1923, 1927 (2), 1932, 1933, 1937, 1938, 1943, 1944, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1981, 1982 (2), 1987, 1989, 1992, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2011, 2016
Israel 24 1949, 1951, 1955, 1959, 1961, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1981, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2013, 2015, April 2019, September 2019, 2020, 2021
Italy 21 1919, 1921, 1946, 1948, 1953, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2008, 2013, 2018
Ivory Coast 2 2011, 2016
Jamaica 18 1944, 1949, 1955, 1959, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1983, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2011, 2016, 2020
Japan 26 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1967, 1969, 1972, 1976, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1990, 1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2012, 2014, 2017
Jordan 1 2016
Kazakhstan 4 2007, 2012, 2016, 2021
Kenya 7 1961, 1963, 1992, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2013
Korea 19 1948, 1950, 1954, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1973, 1978, 1981, 1985, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012
Kosovo 4 2007, 2010, 2014, 2019
Kuwait 16 1963, 1967, 1971, 1975, 1981, 1985, 1990, 1992, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2016, 2020
Kyrgyzstan 4 2007, 2010, 2015, 2020
Latvia 8 1995, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2011, 2014, 2018
Lebanon 1 2018
Lesotho 8 1965, 1970, 1993, 1998, 2002, 2007, 2012, 2015
Liberia 3 2005,2011, 2017
Libya 1 2012
Liechtenstein 23 1945, 1949, 1953(2), 1957, 1958, 1962, 1966, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1989, 1993(2), 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2017, 2021
Lithuania 8 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020
Luxembourg 23 1919, 1925, 1928, 1931, 1934, 1937, 1945, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1959, 1964, 1968, 1974, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2013, 2018
Madagascar 2 2013, 2019
Malawi 6 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019
Malaysia 14 1959, 1964, 1969, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2004, 2008, 2013, 2018
Maldives 3 2009, 2014, 2019
Malta 24 1921, 1924, 1927, 1932, 1939, 1945, 1947, 1950, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1962, 1966, 1971, 1976, 1981, 1987, 1992, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2013, 2017
Marshall Islands 4 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015
Mauritius 11 1967, 1976, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2014
Mexico 8 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012
Micronesia 3 2015, 2019, 2021
Moldova 10 1994, 1998, 2001, 2005, 2009(2), 2010, 2014, 2019, 2021
Monaco 3 1998, 2003, 2008
Mongolia 8 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020
Montenegro 5 2006, 2009, 2012, 2016, 2020
Montserrat 3 2009, 2014, 2019
Mozambique 4 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014
Myanmar 2 2010, 2015
Namibia 6 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014
Nauru 1 2016
Nepal 1 2008
Netherlands 38 1888, 1891, 1894, 1897, 1901, 1905, 1909, 1913, 1917, 1918, 1922, 1925, 1929, 1933, 1937, 1946, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1959, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1989, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2010, 2012, 2017, 2021
New Zealand 27 1943, 1946, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1957, 1960, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1972, 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2017, 2020
Nicaragua 5 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011
Niger 6 1993, 1999, 2004, 2011, 2016, 2020
Nigeria 3 2003, 2011, 2019
Niue 1 2017
North Macedonia 5 2002, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2014
Norway 37 1882, 1885, 1891, 1894, 1897, 1900, 1903, 1906, 1909, 1912, 1915, 1918, 1921, 1924, 1927, 1930, 1933, 1936, 1945, 1949, 1953, 1957, 1961, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013, 2017
Pakistan 5 1988, 1990, 2002, 2008, 2013
Palestine 1 2006
Panama 4 1994, 1999, 2009, 2014
Papua New Guinea 8 1972, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1997, 2002, 2012, 2017
Paraguay 6 1989, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2013, 2018
Peru 8 1963, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016
Philippines 17 1946, 1949, 1953, 1957, 1961, 1965, 1969, 1978, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2013
Poland 9 1991, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2019
Portugal 16 1975, 1976, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2009, 2011, 2015, 2019
Puerto Rico 6 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012
Romania 7 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012, 2016
Russia 4 2003, 2007, 2011, 2016
Rwanda 2 2008, 2013
Saint Kitts and Nevis 16 1952, 1957, 1961, 1966, 1971, 1975, 1980, 1984, 1989, 1993, 1995, 2000, 2004, 2010, 2015, 2020
Saint Lucia 17 1951, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1964, 1969, 1974, 1979, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016, 2021
St Vincent and the Grenadines 18 1951, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1966, 1967, 1972, 1974, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1998, 2001, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2020
Samoa 5 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016, 2021
San Marino 7 1998, 2001, 2006, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019
Senegal 2 2007, 2012
Serbia 7 2003, 2007, 2008, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2020
Seychelles 3 2007, 2011, 2015
Sierra Leone 3 2007, 2012, 2018
Singapore 17 1948, 1951, 1955, 1959, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2015, 2020
Sint Maarten 4 2014, 2016, 2018, 2020
Slovakia 10 1990, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2012, 2016, 2020
Slovenia 7 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2018
Solomon Islands 13 1967, 1970, 1973, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2019
Somaliland 1 2005
South Africa 14 1977, 1981, 1984 (2), 1987, 1989 (3), 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019
Spain 15 1977, 1979, 1982, 1986, 1989, 1993, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2011, 2015, 2016, April 2019, November 2019
Sri Lanka 16 1947, 1952, 1956, 1960 (2), 1965, 1970, 1977, 1989, 1994, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2010, 2015, 2020
Suriname 5 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2020
Sweden 48 1872, 1875, 1878, 1881, 1884, 1887 (2), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1899, 1902, 1905, 1908, 1911, 1914 (2), 1917, 1920, 1921, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1970, 1973, 1976, 1979, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018
Switzerland 50 1848, 1851, 1854, 1857, 1860, 1863, 1866, 1869, 1872, 1875, 1878, 1881, 1884, 1887, 1890, 1893, 1896, 1899, 1902, 1905, 1908, 1911, 1914, 1917, 1919, 1922, 1925, 1928, 1931, 1935, 1939, 1943, 1947, 1951, 1955, 1959, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1975, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015
Taiwan 11 1986, 1989, 1992, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020
Tanzania 3 2005, 2015, 2020
Thailand 13 1969, 1975, 1976, 1979, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1992(2), 2001, 2005, 2007, 2011
Timor-Leste 5 2001, 2007, 2012, 2017, 2018
Togo 2 2007, 2013
Tonga 2 2014, 2017
Trinidad and Tobago 18 1925, 1946, 1956, 1961, 1966, 1971, 1976, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2010, 2015, 2020
Tunisia 2 2011, 2014
Turkey 19 1950, 1954, 1957, 1961, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2002, 2007, 2011, 2015 (2), 2018
Turks and Caicos Islands 3 2007, 2012, 2016
Tuvalu 5 2002, 2006, 2010, 2015, 2019
Uganda 4 2006, 2011, 2016, 2021
Ukraine 7 1998, 2002, 2006, 2007, 2012, 2014, 2019
UAE 2 2011, 2019
UK 48 1832, 1835, 1837, 1841, 1847, 1852, 1857, 1859, 1865, 1868, 1874, 1880, 1885, 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1906, 1910 (2), 1918, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935, 1945, 1950, 1951, 1955, 1959, 1964, 1966, 1970, 1974 (2), 1979, 1983, 1987, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2017, 2019
US 165 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811, 1812, 1813, 1814, 1815, 1816, 1817, 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821, 1822, 1823, 1824, 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1882, 1884, 1886, 1888, 1889, 1890, 1892, 1894, 1896, 1898, 1900, 1902, 1904, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1914, 1916, 1918, 1920, 1922, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1938, 1940, 1942, 1944, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958/1959, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018, 2020
Uruguay 12 1954, 1958, 1962, 1966, 1971, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014
Vanuatu 10 1987, 1991, 1995, 1998, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020
Venezuela 1 2010
Zambia 8 1964, 1968, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016
Zimbabwe 4 2005, 2008, 2013, 2018